Resources, News, and Patient Education

Electrical Modalities

ELECTRICAL MODALITIES By: Samantha deCastro Many physiotherapists and chiropractors integrate different types of electrical modalities into their practice. Why? It can help with deep heat, reduce pain, retrain muscle, and increase circulation. In this article, we will...

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS By: Samantha deCastro Whereas Osteoarthritis is a mechanical issue, this kind of arthritis is a systemic inflammatory disease. We see symmetrical joint pain and swelling as the disease progresses. We are still learning about Rheumatoid Arthritis,...

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Treatment of Osteoarthritis

TREATMENT OF OSTEOARTHRITIS By: Samantha deCastro When treating conditions that are progressive like osteoarthritis, the main goals include pain reduction and maintaining the ability to function. Treatments can vary, but below are the options you and your practitioner...

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Osteoarthritis

OSTEOARTHRITIS By: Samantha deCastro   This particular arthritis is the most common joint disease worldwide. It usually involves joints that weight bear, such as knees and hips, but can also be seen in the spine and extremities. OA is one of the most common we...

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Plantar Fascitis

PLANTAR FASCITIS By: Samantha deCastro   Heel pain. Plantar Fascitis. These two are almost synonymous is the musculoskeletal world. But what exactly is Plantar Fascitis? I will be honest, the prevalence of this in my office actually surprised me when I first...

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Shin Splints

SHIN SPLINTS By: Samantha deCastro   This is a fun one. I had a period of shin splits when I graduated university. ANY jogging/running at all, it was almost immediate. Pain all along the front of my lower leg. Luckily I did not need treatment, it just went away...

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Eversion Sprains

EVERSION SPRAINS By: Samantha deCastro We talked about spraining the outside of your ankle. How about the inside? These are not nearly as common, as you have to do something pretty weird to stress those ligaments. This includes aggressive twisting, and landing a jump...

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Inversion Ankle Sprain

INVERSION ANKLE SPRAIN By: Samantha deCastro Oh, the twisted ankle. I feel like most, if not all, the people in my life have felt this “tweak” in the ankle at least once. But what exactly happens with an ankle sprain? And how do we treat them? Well firstly, let’s...

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Foot And Toe Deformities

FOOT AND TOE DEFORMITIES By: Samantha deCastro Every wonder if your feet are “normal”? If that pain you feel when you walk all day is to be expected or if it can be fixed? How about when you got told you had flat feet? Let’s talk about different deformities possible...

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Sleep Series-How Do I Sleep Better?

SLEEP SERIES HOW DO I SLEEP BETTER?   By: Samantha deCastro Now let’s talk sleep hygiene. This has been a big of a buzzy term lately. Given the structure of our lives, we’re constantly being bombarded by stimulation, and getting proper sleep is getting more and more...

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Sleep Series-Sleep Mechanisms

SLEEP SERIES SLEEP MECHANISMS  By: Samantha deCastro We have two things within us that help direct our sleep. First is circadian rhythms, second is sleep-wake homeostasis Circadian rhythms isn’t just about sleep, it directs many different functions of the body. The...

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Sleep Series-Sleep Cycles

SLEEP SERIES SLEEP CYCLES  By: Samantha deCastro Today we are going to go through the stages of sleep. These stages are generally broken down into REM (or Rapid Eye Movement) and non-REM sleep. Firstly, we will discuss non-REM, as that is where sleep starts. Stage 1:...

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